Access to Durable Solutions Among IDPs in Iraq

International Frameworks

The Guiding Principles on Internal Displacement (1998)
Protecting Internally Displaced Persons: A Manual for Law and Policymakers (October 2008)
Framework on Durable Solutions for Internally Displaced Persons (UN Human Rights Council, Thirteenth Session, 2010)
Durable Solutions Analysis Guide: A Tool to Measure Progress Towards Durable Solutions for IDPs (2018)

These Guiding Principles address the specific needs of internally displaced persons worldwide. The Principles reflect and are consistent with international human rights law and international humanitarian law. They provide guidance to the UN, INGOs and NGOs, countries and authorities. They are the first to provide a formal definition of internal displacement for the international community.
This manual is intended to provide guidance to national authorities on preparing and enacting domestic law around IDPs, ensuring the protection and assistance of their needs. The manual draws on rules of international human rights and humanitarian law as well as the existing body of IDP-specific laws and policies.
At the thirteenth session of the Human Rights Council, then Representative of the Secretary-General on the human rights of internally displaced persons, Walter Kälin, presented this framework on internally displaced persons in accordance with Resolution 6/32, the ‘Mandate of the Representative of the Secretary General on the human rights of internally displaced persons,’ and the General Assembly Resolution 62/153, ‘Protection of and assistance to internally displaced persons.’
This document is a tool to measure progress toward durable solutions. It is intended to guide a user in applying the durable solutions indicators when undertaking a durable solutions analysis.

Panels and Expert Groups

Joint IDP Profiling Service (JIPS) Indicator Library
The High-Level Panel on Internal Displacement
Expert Group on Refugee and IDP Statistics
Guiding Principles’ (GP) 20th Anniversary (2018 to 2020)
JIPS is an inter-agency body that provides support to governments and humanitarian and development organizations who are seeking to improve locally owned information and analysis about displacement situations.
The High-Level Panel was established in 2019 to raise international awareness of the issue of internal displacement and seek solutions globally. The Panel provides concrete recommendations to United Nations (UN) Member States, the UN system, and other stakeholders on how to prevent, respond to, and achieve durable solutions to internal displacement.
Established in 2016, EGRIS is mandated to develop international recommendations for refugee statistics and a refugee statistics compiler manual with operational instructions. Participants drawn from national authorities, international statistical organizations, and other technical experts comprise the expert group.
The Plan of Action for Advancing Prevention, Protection and Solutions for IDPs 2018–2020 is a multi-stakeholder, 3-year plan launched to mark the 20th anniversary of the Guiding Principles on Internal Displacement (GP20). The Plan aims to garner engagement on solutions for internal displacement through prevention, protection, and solutions.

SDGs and IASC Criteria

In 2015, all UN member states adopted the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) which aim to eradicate poverty and hunger, protect the planet and its resources, and improve lives of everyone. In order to achieve those colossal goals within 15 years, member states also created the 2030 Agenda. The global indicator framework—developed by the Interagency and Expert Group on SDG Indicators (IAEG-SDGs) and adopted by the General Assembly via resolution A/RES/71/313seeks to track progress toward the 2030 Agenda and SDGs. The indicators used to review progress toward the 2030 Agenda are suitable for all populations and therefore IDP progress should be measured using the same standards and criteria. IOM Iraq and Georgetown identified several areas in which the panel study overlaps with the measurement goals of the SDG indicators. Specifically, the IOM Iraq-Georgetown study identified several indicators from the IASC Framework’s eight criteria (the guiding document in shaping the study) which correspond with the SDG indicator tools used to measure progress toward the 2030 Agenda.

You can find a list of tools and resources for data disaggregation for the UN’s Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) here.

Click on the boxes for details on the SDGs and the IASC Framework.